Past Event

Julia Lajus - “Warming of the Arctic” in the 1920s – 1940s: Influence on Marine Environment and Resources, and on the Soviet Understanding of Climate Change

February 21, 2023
12:00 PM - 1:30 PM
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Online and In-person: International Affairs Building (Room 1219), Columbia University, 420 West 118th Street, New York

Event Description

The arctic climate is currently changing faster than the climate of the planet; this phenomenon is known as ‘Arctic amplification.’ However, even before the beginning of the anthropogenic global climate change, the Arctic climate was quite changeable. The observations of the rapid warming of the Arctic caused by natural factors in the 1920s-1940s led scientists to acknowledge the possibility of short-term changes of the climate in general. Warming of the Arctic in that period was mostly pronounced in its part adjacent to the North Atlantic Ocean, including the Barents and the White Seas in Russia. Russian scientists along with Scandinavian ones played a crucial role in the observation and analysis of this process. This talk, on the one hand, illustrates climate as a driver for changes in abundance and migrations patterns of fish species important for the ecosystems of these seas and for the economy. On the other hand, the talk focuses on Russian scientists and their international networks, through which new knowledge on the changes of Arctic climate circulated. In addition, the legacy of this period for the Soviet / Russian climate science is discussed.

Event Speaker

Julia Lajus, Visiting Associate Professor in the Department of History at Columbia University

Event Information

Free and open to the public; registration is required for in-person and online attendence. For more information, please visit the event webpage. All in-person attendees must follow Columbia's COVID-19 policies

Hosted by the Harriman Institute at Columbia University.