Much of the work to date on Empire and environment has been focused on control. How imperial governments sought to collect, classify, and order the flora and fauna or sought to manage, engineer, and contain nature through hydraulic projects, land-use change, weather studies and even climate engineering. Many, or most, of these things related to profit, through maximizing, extracting, or planting commercial resources but have also been said to reflect a wider, symbolic representation of power over nature, ergo, power over colonized lands through technical superiority and the imposing of colonial systems of knowledge. This workshop seeks to ask instead – what happened when things went wrong? Papers should address these topics.